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A short boat ride from Charleston, SC transports visitors to the Fort Sumter National Monument. Be sure to allow plenty of time for this visit since there is a great deal to see inside the air-conditioned museum and throughout the grounds.

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These canons were completely covered with sand, debris and dirt for years before being discovered in the 20th century.

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One of the projectiles lodged into the brick wall. It’s chilling to imagine such devices flying through the smoky, sooty air with only one purpose.

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These huge cannon could be rotated from left to right on tracks set in the stone base as shown below.

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At one point in its history, Fort Sumter was used as an earthworks, so the openings for the cannons had to be bricked over to contain the dirt.

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Originally, these walls were approximately 50 feet above low tide.

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Tabby is an oyster shell based mortar used in the original construction of Fort Sumter, and utilized again during repairs in the 1870s.

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Another projectile.

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Silent passages allow quiet reflection.

Fifty-four soldiers and an unknown number of slaves were killed at Fort Sumter.

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